|The Economy||Innovation, Enterprise and Investment|
|Tourism||Radio and Television|
Ireland had a period of extraordinary growth from 1993 to 2007, becoming one of the world’s most dynamic, innovative and globalised economies, with extensive external trade and investment links.
In 2008, partly due to the open nature of its economy Ireland began to feel the effects of the global economic downturn. Pressure on the economy was significantly accentuated by the end of a prolonged Irish property market boom and problems within the domestic banking system. This led to a period of recession and a sharp contraction in economic output.
In 2011, Ireland’s economy returned to growth. GDP growth for 2011 was 1.4% and was 0.5% for the first half of 2012, with projected growth for the full year of 0.9%. The underlying government deficit continues to shrink fast and is projected to be under 3% by 2015.
Ireland’s ongoing economic recovery is generally attributed to its educated and flexible workforce; government measures to ensure macroeconomic stability and to attract foreign investment; and membership of the European Union, which now provides a market of almost 500 million people. Ireland continues to be one of the most open economies in the OECD, and exports are now showing strong growth with a 5.1% increase in 2011 and a 3.8% increase in the first half of 2012. There has been particularly strong growth in the indigenous agri-food sector, with exports by value up by 25% in just two years. Our strong export performance has meant that, for the first time in a decade, our balance of payments with the rest of the world has now moved into surplus.
Ireland has a strong track record in attracting foreign direct investment, with particular emphasis on the ICT, Life Sciences, Financial Services and Consumer, Content and Business Services sectors. Ireland’s positioning as a ‘Smart Economy’ continues apace combining our innovative, enterprise economy with an ever–increasing emphasis on the emerging areas of Clean/Green Technologies, Services Innovation and Convergence. Ireland is also a centre for digital media in Europe with major multinational companies locating their European headquarters and a range of business support activities here. Despite our economic challenges, we continue to be recognized as 1st in the eurozone for ease of doing business, 1st for the availability of skilled labour and the 2nd most attractive country globally for FDI.
Indigenous Irish companies continue to grow and compete on the international market – 2011 saw Irish-owned companies achieve €15.2 billion in exports, an all-time record and in 2012, indigenous Irish exporters recorded their highest net jobs gain since 2006. Research, Development and Innovation in Ireland has seen sustained growth and continued development in recent years, reflecting significant increases in business and government funding to the sector as well as R&D tax incentives for companies. R&D is a core element of the Irish Government’s economic recovery strategy and jobs agenda.
In the years since 2000 Irish government spend on R&D – primarily through agencies such as Science Foundation Ireland, Enterprise Ireland, IDA Ireland and the Higher Education Authority – has more than doubled to circa €600million annually. This public research funding typically leverages private investment of close to double that level, in the region of a further €1.1 billion. This very significant R&D investment has seen Ireland rise quickly up the international rankings of scientific research capability from 36th place in 2003 to breaking into the top 20 for the first time in 2009, and remaining there ever since.
Education and training is a vital component of Ireland’s knowledge-based economy, with approximately 1 million people in full time education. 37% of the working age population (including 48% of 25-34 year olds) has a third level qualification, significantly above the OECD average.
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and Ireland’s Embassy network works with a number of government agencies to contribute to the growth of enterprise, innovation and investment in Ireland. Enterprise Ireland helps develop Irish-based enterprise with the potential to trade internationally. IDA Ireland is responsible for the attraction and development of foreign investment in Ireland. Science Foundation Ireland invests in academic researchers and research teams who are most likely to generate new knowledge, leading edge technologies and competitive enterprises in the fields of science and engineering.
Ireland’s total trade in 2011 was approximately €304 billion, with a merchandise trade surplus of more than €43 billion. Total goods exports amounted to €173 billion, with services exports valued at €131 billion. The main merchandise goods traded include organic chemicals (mainly for the pharmaceutical sector), medical & pharmaceutical products and computers. The main services areas are Computer Services, Trade Related Business Services and Insurance and Financial Services. Ireland’s main trading partners include the United States, Great Britain, Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Japan. Trade with other markets, such as China, Russia and Mexico, is also expanding rapidly.
Since 2003 Ireland’s corporate tax regime has been fixed at a rate of 12.5%. This applies to all Irish corporate trading profits. A rate of 25% applies to non-trading (passive) income.
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (www.dfat.ie)
Department of Jobs, Enterprise and Innovation (www.djei.ie)
IDA Ireland (www.idaireland.com)
Enterprise Ireland (www.enterprise-ireland.com)
Science Foundation Ireland (www.sfi.ie)
Department of Finance (www.finance.gov.ie)
Central Bank of Ireland (www.centralbank.ie)
Central Statistics Office (www.cso.ie)
Of the total land area of approximately 7 million hectares (17 million acres), 5 million hectares (12.32 million acres) are used for agricultural purposes (including forestry). Beef and dairying are by far the most important sectors of the agricultural industry. The main crops are barley, wheat, potatoes and mushrooms. The Agri-Food industry makes a significant contribution to the Irish economy. The combined agri-food and drink sector accounts for 7% of GDP, over €9 billion of exports and accounts for 150,000 jobs.
A key initiative in this area is the development of Bord Bia’s (Irish Food Board) Origin Green initiative, designed to establish Ireland as a world leader in sustainability. Since launching in June 2012, some 164 companies accounting for almost 60% of Irish food and drink exports have signed up to the programme. These companies are currently working with Bord Bia to develop, and commit to, sustainability plans setting out clear targets in key areas such as emissions, energy, waste, water, biodiversity and corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities. Individual sustainability commitments submitted by major players within the Irish food industry include a 20% reduction in energy use by 2015; the implementation of rainwater harvesting by 2014 and a 30% reduction in emissions by 2020.
Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (www.agriculture.gov.ie)
Bord Bia (Irish Food Board) (www.bordbia.ie / www.origingreen.ie)
Teagasc (Agriculture & Food Development Authority) (www.teagasc.ie)
The Irish seafood industry provides employment for over 11,000 people. It makes a significant contribution to the economic and social fabric of the many small communities located in mainly rural areas or small towns and villages around the 3,171kilometres of our coastline. In 2012, Irish seafood exports totalled €493 million, an increase of 18% on the previous year.
Approximately 7 million tourists visit Ireland each year, spending approximately €3.4 billion, and sustaining more than 180,000 jobs.
Tourism Ireland was established under the framework of the Good Friday Agreement 1998 to co-ordinate the work of the two tourist boards on the island, Failte Ireland and the Northern Ireland Tourist Board.
Ireland’s successful tourism industry is built around the three themes: Irish people, Irish culture and the physical beauty of the country.
Tourism Ireland (www.ireland.com)
The national radio and television service is operated by (RTE), the public broadcasting company which transmits on two television and four radio channels
as well as a range of digital channels and online. RTE derives its revenue from licence fees and the sale of advertising time. TV3 is a commercial broadcaster and there are many commercial radio stations including Today FM and Newstalk.
Irish speakers are served by a dedicated radio channel, (operated by RTE) and by TG4, an independent Irish language television channel.
The Broadcasting Authority of Ireland (BAI) was established in 2009, as an independent regulator for radio and television broadcasters in Ireland. The Authority is funded through a levy on all broadcasters licensed in the State.
Newspapers have been published in Ireland for over 300 years. Today there are national daily, weekly and weekend newspapers. There are also about 60 local newspapers, usually published weekly and a wide variety of magazines dealing with current affairs, economic issues and leisure interests.
The Irish Times (www.irishtimes.com)
Irish Independent (www.independent.ie)
Irish Examiner (www.irishexaminer.ie)
Sunday Independent (www.independent.ie)
Evening Echo (www.eecho.ie)
Evening Herald (www.herald.ie)
Press Council of Ireland (and the Office of the Ombudsman) (www.presscouncil.ie)